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China, in Renewable Energy Push, Has Emission Targets in Sight

first_imgChina, in Renewable Energy Push, Has Emission Targets in Sight FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Andy Coghlan for New Scientist:China is surging ahead in switching to renewables and away from coal in what its officials say will allow it to surpass its carbon emissions targets.The country’s solar and wind energy capacity soared last year by 74 and 34 per cent respectively compared with 2014, according to figures issued by China’s National Bureau of Statistics yesterday.Meanwhile, its consumption of coal – the dirtiest of the fossil fuels – dropped by 3.7 per cent, with imports down by a substantial 30 per cent.The figures back up claims last month in Hong Kong by Xie Zhenhua, China’s lead negotiator at at the UN climate talks in Paris last December, that the country will “far surpass” its 2020 target to reduce carbon emissions per unit of national wealth (GDP) by 40 to 45 per cent from 2005 levels.Since China emits nearly a third of the world’s carbon dioxide, which is heating up the planet, this could make a major contribution to holding back temperature increases to the 2 °C degree maximum global target agreed by governments last December in Paris.“The latest figures confirm China’s record-breaking shift toward renewable power and away from coal,” says Tim Buckley of the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, an energy consultancy in Cleveland, Ohio.“China’s official 2015 wind installations are an all-time global record of 32.5 gigawatts,” says Buckley. “China itself is the only nation to have come anywhere near this, delivering 20.7 gigawatts of new wind capacity in 2014.”The latest figures state that “clean energy” – a combination of hydro, wind, solar, nuclear and natural gas – now accounts for 18 per cent of all its energy, up from 13 per cent in 2011.“We’re now at the point where these technologies can compete head-to-head with gas and coal on price, meaning that this growth is only going to accelerate,” says Maf Smith, deputy chief executive of RenewableUK, representing the UK’s wind and wave power producers. “The UK alone has increased the amount it generates from wind power from 1 to 11 per cent in a decade.”“It’s a really positive signal, a perfect example of an emerging economy trying to shift the way it develops,” says Ranping Song of the World Resources Institute think tank in Washington DC.China is due to issue its next five-year economic plan this month. “So it’s a perfect time to see how serious they are about tackling emissions,” Song says.Despite renewables gains, coal still provides almost two-thirds of China’s power consumption. But the dip in coal consumption over the past two years – which equals an entire year’s coal consumption in Japan – suggests that China may now have reached “peak coal”. “China’s market for coal consumption has started to become saturated, and should gradually decline,” Xie said in Hong Kong.China set to surpass its climate targets as renewables soarlast_img read more

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Busy Summer at East Anglia Offshore Wind Projects

first_imgScottishPower Renewables is planning to start a number of onshore and offshore surveys this summer as part of the 900MW East Anglia Two and the 800MW East Anglia One North offshore wind projects.Onshore survey work commenced at the sites in spring 2018 with a phase 1 habitat survey completed across the entire onshore study area in April 2018.  The findings of this survey have informed subsequent onshore species-specific surveys which are currently ongoing. Archaeological works will begin shortly with geophysical surveys commencing this summer, the developer said.Onshore noise and transportation surveys will also be commencing shortly to assess baseline activity within the indicative onshore development area, with transportation surveys also being undertaken on transport routes surrounding the indicative onshore development area.Offshore surveysOffshore monthly bird and marine mammal surveys are ongoing and will be continuing for both East Anglia One North and East Anglia 2 until August 2018.Geophysical and benthic surveys for the seabed were carried out in spring 2018 after an initial survey in summer 2017. This data will inform archaeological, engineering and ecological assessments.A shipping and navigation survey for both East Anglia One North and East Anglia 2 will take place in late summer this year to identify shipping routes within the area to help understand how these routes are currently used.The projectsThe two projects are in the very early stage of development, with the Phase 3 of the community consultation, currently ongoing, scheduled to be completed by 28th August, 31 days after the last Public Information Day. The key focus of Phase 3 is to consult on the project’s indicative onshore development area with a focus on potential mitigation measures.Scottish Power Renewables has brought forward the application date for East Anglia ONE North and deferred the application date for East Anglia TWO, which allows the consultation for both projects to run concurrently.The developer plans to run combined consultation, stakeholder engagement and a parallel Preliminary Environmental Information Report (PEIR) consultation process for the two projects. This consultation process is scheduled for the first quarter of 2019.The possibility of applying for consent for the two projects at the same time is also being explored.The East Anglia Two wind farm covers an area of around 255km2 and is located some 31km offshore Lowestoft. East Anglia One North is located approximately 36km off the coast, covering an area of 209km2.last_img read more

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Thank Van Allen’s Belts and Richter’s Rockets

first_imgInvisible shields above the Earth protect us all from dangerous radiation. New space probes explore how they do it.When Dr. James Van Allen of the University of Iowa wondered why his geiger counters aboard America’s first Explorer satellites became saturated at certain altitudes, he suspected he had found something important. Large lobed belts of high-energy radiation were named the Van Allen Belts in his honor. The instruments had been mounted in the craft by Dr. Henry Richter, last surviving manager of the Explorer program. He wrote about the discovery in his 2015 book America’s Leap Into Space: My Time at JPL and the First Explorer Satellites. Newly updated with an index, the book (nominated for a Eugene M. Emme Astronautical Literature Award) is an important first-hand account of that historic period in the newly-dawned space age.Two zones of radiation were identified early on. “This simple picture of the radiation belts persisted for decades until 2012, when a pair of probes was launched to study them in detail,” Space.com says. “This was the first time that two spacecraft simultaneously studied the radiation belts, trading information with each other to build a bigger picture.” The findings are exciting and vital to life on Earth:Data gathered by the probes also showed that the radiation belts shield Earth from high-energy particles. “The barrier for the ultrafast electrons is a remarkable feature of the belts,” study lead author Dan Baker, of the University of Colorado in Boulder, said in a statement.“We’re able to study it for the first time, because we never had such accurate measurements of these high-energy electrons before.”The Van Allen Probes have revealed the dynamic nature of our space shield. “Space tsunamis” from solar outbursts called coronal mass ejections cause rapid changes in the belt structure, accelerating electrons to near light speed. Engineers watched one particular reaction when the two probes were monitoring different positions.“The spacecraft measured a sudden pulse of electrons energized to extreme speeds — nearly as fast as the speed of light — as the shock slammed the outer radiation belt,” NASA wrote at the time. “This population of electrons was short-lived, and their energy dissipated within minutes. But five days later, long after other processes from the storm had died down, the Van Allen probes detected an increased number of even higher energy electrons. Such an increase so much later is a testament to the unique energization processes following the storm.“Lessons learned from these reactions help engineers design better radiation protection for astronauts, the article says.Dr. Henry Richter is an American VIP who is still active at age 88 with his wife (age 90) in southern California. He was instrumental in the design of the Explorer, Ranger and Surveyor spacecraft at JPL, and development of the Deep Space Network. He is also a Christian and a young-earth creationist. The CEH editor is working with him on a new book that will share wonders of creation and end with his story of how he came to Christ. The draft is currently being reviewed by the publisher and may be available late this year or in 2017; watch for announcements in these pages.Note: CEH is taking a break till Oct. 1. Come back for more news then.(Visited 67 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Green Building Priority #9 – Create Resilient Houses

first_imgClimate change is underway, and some of the impacts of that change will affect our homes. We need to account for that in the design, construction, and remodeling of our homes.For starters, we should plan for hotter temperatures. To limit unwanted solar gain, it makes sense to reduce square-footage of west- and east-facing windows, provide overhangs above south-facing windows, and landscape around our homes with plantings that block direct sun. We should increase insulation levels to slow heat flow through the envelope, provide reflective roofing, and design our homes to make effective use of natural ventilation.More intense storms call for greater resistance to wind and rain penetration, use of hurricane straps and other structural features to prevent uplift, more durable roofing, and building geometries that are inherently resistant to wind. We should design to the most stringent building codes, such as the Miami-Dade County Hurricane Code, even in areas where hurricanes are rare.We should build only in locations that are well above flood elevations, avoiding lowland areas. If FEMA flood-elevation maps haven’t been updated recently, we should go beyond those requirements. Our stormwater drainage systems, including storm sewers, should be designed and built to handle increased runoff flow. Heavy winds, ice storms, flooding, heat stress, drought, and other impacts of climate change are likely to cause more frequent and more extended power outages and damage to refineries. Extended drought could cause power outages if water levels in rivers and lakes drop so low that thermoelectric power plants cannot be cooled, and therefore have to be shut down.A new, and perhaps even more frightening, concern is that terrorists of the future might target our energy systems—including electrical distribution lines, oil and gas pipelines, refineries, and power plants—causing extended blackouts or loss of heating fuels. A past director of the CIA, James Wolsey, has raised serious concerns about “cyber-terrorism,” in which people hack into our power generation and distribution infrastructure and cause system failures. Converting to the widely touted “smart grid” could unfortunately increase this vulnerability, even while it offers many advantages.These concerns call for passive survivability as a design criterion. This means creating homes that will maintain livable conditions even during extended loss of power, loss of heating fuel, or shortages of water. To achieve passive survivability involves creating extremely well-insulated homes—homes so well insulated that without any energy inputs they will never drop below 50 or 55 degrees in the winter. Achieving passive survivability requires extremely high insulation levels–in colder climates, this means walls over R-40, ceilings or roofs over R-50, triple-glazed windows with multiple low-e coatings, very tight construction (augmented by mechanical ventilation), and passive solar gain through south-facing windows.In warmer climates, we can see some of the features of passive survivability by examining the “vernacular architecture” that existed before 1950—when air conditioning emerged. Traditional homes in New Orleans had wrap-around porches to keep direct sunlight out and provide outdoor living space in hot weather, and they were designed for natural ventilation. We need to return to this climate-appropriate architecture—but we can give it a modern twist with the benefits of today’s best materials and computer modeling of energy performance.In some parts of the country, droughts of the future may severely limit water availability. Significantly more water-efficient plumbing fixtures and appliances and water-conserving landscaping practices, if adopted widely, will reduce the likelihood that our water supplies become inadequate. And such measures will help individuals get by if water rationing ever becomes necessary during severe droughts or water shortages. Homeowners and municipalities in the West sometimes think about these issues, but drought can also occur in the east, where water is rarely on our minds. Eastern reservoirs tend to be shallower and hold less water than those in the west. In 2007, Atlanta came to within 30 days of running out of water.Many of these elements of resilient design or adaptation to climate change are features that we would want to include in green homes for other reasons–and which will be addressed elsewhere in this top-10 list. But the motivation behind resilient/adaptive design is an important life-safety issue: keeping homeowners safe in the event of natural or man-made disasters.In addition to this Energy Solutions blog, Alex writes the weekly blog on BuildingGreen.com: Alex’s Cool Product of the Week, which profiles an interesting new green building product each week. You can sign up to receive notices of these blogs by e-mail—enter your e-mail address in the upper right corner of any blog page.Alex is founder of BuildingGreen, LLC and executive editor of Environmental Building News. To keep up with his latest articles and musings, you can sign up for his Twitter feed. RELATED ARTICLES center_img Defining Habitable Temperatures Designing Homes and Communities That Can Survive a DisasterResilient CommunitiesResilient Design: Passive Solar HeatResilient Design: Dramatically Better Building Envelopes Designing Houses and Communities To Be Smarter and More ResilientResilience: Designing Homes for More Intense StormsMaking the Case for Resilient DesignBuilding Resilience for a ‘Close Encounter’ with DisasterMaking Houses Resilient to Power Outageslast_img read more

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Pre-Production Tips: How and Why to Break Down a Script

first_imgLine the ScriptThe first step in breaking down a script is to separate it into filmable scenes. This is called “lining the script,” and it’s quite easy when things are properly formatted. First, I’ll divide scenes via the scene headings or slug lines. Next, I’ll break each page down into eights. Dividing each page by eighths helps me figure out the timing and scheduling of each scene, and the film as a whole. Since one page of a screenplay is generally translated as one minute of screen time, using eighths just provides extra precision.The beauty of using StudioBinder is that it’ll automatically do this step for you. When I go to the breakdowns section, I can see that each scene is already separated by scene heading and measured by eighths. For example, scene thirteen of my script comes in at 4/8, which is half a page in length.Isolate the Production ElementsWith the script properly broken into scenes and divided by eighths, I’m now ready to isolate all of the production elements. StudioBinder makes this incredibly easy in the breakdowns section via tagging.To tag an element, I simply need to highlight then select a category. Elements include anything that’s going to be onscreen, including cast members, props, VFX, makeup, set dressing, etc. For scene thirteen, I have a number of elements:ELI — cast memberSunglasses — costumePhone — propJANE — cast memberBlinking Marker — VFX shotMAN — cast memberEach element has its own color code, and I can add categories as needed. If you’re doing this by hand, you’d simply use different highlighters or pens.Create the Breakdown Summary SheetOnce I have all of the elements isolated, I can now put together a breakdown sheet. With this step, I’m essentially categorizing and listing out all of the elements from the breakdown for each particular scene. Tagging the elements with colors makes this step extremely easy.Again, StudioBinder automates this step. It allows me to quickly view all of the elements, print out scene breakdown reports, and even prepare sides for cast and crew members. Check out the simple breakdown of scene thirteen below. All of the elements are now listed and categorized by color, making it clear what’s needed on the shoot date.When I’m finished, this report will allow me to quickly and easily see everything I need to think about and have prepared, leading up to a shoot day. With my script breakdown in hand, I’m now ready to move on to the next stages of pre-production.Interested in the track we used to make this video?“Sunny Destination” by Vincent ToneLooking for more on working with scripts? Check out these articles.Industry Insights: The Ins and Outs of Working as a Script SupervisorPre-Production Tips: The Basics of Breaking Down a ScriptThe Right Way to Give and Receive Feedback on a ScriptLearn How to Speak Filmmaking: Formatting the ScreenplayTips for Rewriting Your Screenplay Without Starting Completely Over In this video tutorial, I go over one of the most important parts of pre-production: how to breakdown a script — as well as why it’s so useful.In my last tutorial, I focused on how to format a screenplay. Since that’s done, I’m now ready to break down the script. So, why do we need to do this?Well, the breakdown helps a film crew prepare for production. With a proper breakdown, a production team can isolate all the necessary elements, put together a shooting schedule, create a shot list, and generate script sides.You can do this by hand, but remember: it’s 2019 — computers exist. There are many tools available to help facilitate this, but I’ll be using StudioBinder for this tutorial. Now, let’s take a closer look at how to do this.last_img read more

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Gin Kings aim to sustain run

first_imgRobredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Greg Slaughter is slowly but surely getting back to peak form, and Japeth Aguilar has improved tremendously ever since Tim Cone took over as they form, hands-down, the most athletic, tallest frontline in the conference.Tip-off time is at 7 p.m. at Mall of Asia Arena in Pasay where the Fuel Masters hope to author an upset and arrest a six-game losing streak to get back in the playoff hunt.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingThe other Ginebra weapons that complement its twin towers are import Justin Brownlee and a guard rotation—veteran LA Tenorio and Scottie Thompson—which could stand out as the most efficient in the league.Thompson is an all-around talent who, whatever is needed, gets things done. In a 94-80 ripping of luckless Alaska on Saturday in Cebu City, the 6-foot-1 former Perpetual Help ace in the NCAA missed a triple double by two points after getting 11 rebounds and 10 assists. Wushu bet Balangui trips US foe, assures Team PH of Universiade medal Matthew Wright, Jeff Chan and import Brandon Brown will be leading the Fuel Masters.Meanwhile, Blackwater, another team that has a hot streak going—actually its franchise-best run—will shoot for a fourth straight victory when it clashes with TNT KaTropa in the 4:15 p.m. contest.Henry Walker arrived and rejuvenated the Elite, who will be seeking to claim another big fish in the Texters and step up their drive for the next round.ADVERTISEMENT Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo MOST READ View commentscenter_img Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next PBA IMAGESWith a four-game winning streak and looking more fearsome, Barangay Ginebra slugs it out with slumping Phoenix Petroleum to try to inch closer to a quarterfinal berth in the PBA Governors’ Cup.Playing like a well-oiled machine and with plenty of time to get even better in their bid for a repeat, the Gin Kings are one of only a handful of sides given a chance of thwarting sister team San Miguel Beer’s Grand Slam bid.ADVERTISEMENT Biggest Pogo service provider padlocked for tax evasion Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. last_img read more

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