Tag: 上海百花坊

Looking at chimp’s future, seeing man’s

first_imgWhen researcher Richard Wrangham looks at the future of chimpanzees, he sees people.Though scientists like him have invested decades in understanding the apes, and Western conservationists and activists have raised money and agitated to safeguard them, it is clear that it will be the people who live closest to the chimps — in ever-increasing numbers — who will determine the animal’s future.Wrangham, the Ruth B. Moore Professor of Biological Anthropology, and Elizabeth Ross, founder and executive director of the Kasiisi Project in Uganda, last Thursday described the difficult present for chimpanzees in Uganda’s Kibale National Park, their potentially bleak future, and the sources of hope.With half of the people younger than 15, Uganda’s already dense rural population is set to explode. The nation, which had just 5 million people in 1950, is estimated to have 33 million now, and projections say it will have nearly 100 million by 2050.As the numbers skyrocket, so will the demand for resources like meat and firewood from forests such as that at Kibale. In addition, Wrangham said, the recent discovery of oil near Lake Albert on the Ugandan border could prompt an influx of money and influence that may make demands for the forests’ resources difficult to ignore.“The threats to chimpanzees are, of course, enormous. The loss of forest is too fast to estimate well,” Wrangham said.Wrangham and Ross, who are married and co-masters of Currier House, spoke at Harvard’s Geological Lecture Hall at an event sponsored by the Harvard Museum of Natural History and the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, both part of the Harvard Museums of Science and Culture.Wrangham has studied chimpanzees in Kibale for decades. He has followed a population of about 50, out of the forest’s estimated population of more than 1,000, publishing findings on chimpanzee aggression, culture, and the implications such findings have for their human cousins, such as the importance of cooking in early human evolution.“We can now get extraordinarily intimate with them,” Wrangham said.In addition to its studies, the Kibale Chimpanzee Project has begun several initiatives to help conserve and protect the animals and to help the people who live around the park. They’ve encouraged ecotourism as a way to bring income to the local people, and have a snare removal team, which sometimes takes 20 to 30 snares a day from the forest.Poaching is a major threat to the forest’s chimpanzee population, Wrangham said. Though the people around the park don’t eat chimpanzee meat, they do hunt in the park for antelope and set snares around their farms to catch marauding pigs. Chimpanzees caught in the snares are often strong enough to pull them up and escape, but the snares dig deep into their flesh and wires can remain there, often costing the animal a hand or a foot, sometimes after months or even years of pain. Wrangham’s slideshow included images of chimps that had been snared multiple times, including several that had lost hands and one that had lost both feet.Forest researchers are sometimes able to tranquilize snared chimps and remove the wire, which can spark dramatic recovery. Wrangham said the snares often catch juvenile chimps, because mothers are careful to avoid the snares and young chimps follow in their mothers’ footsteps. When the chimps get older, though, they range in front of their mothers, often falling victim to the snares.Wrangham held up the Kasiisi Project, begun by Ross in 1997, as a hopeful way forward. The project provides a wide array of assistance to schools within 3 miles of the park, with the aim of improving education, raising awareness of the forest and of chimpanzees, and instilling a conservation ethic within a generation that may determine the future of the forest and the chimpanzees to which it is home.The project, which serves 14 primary schools with nearly 10,000 children, provides a variety of resources. In addition to conservation education, it also constructs school buildings, supports teachers, pays for school lunches, provides scholarships and health education, supports girls’ education, and provides laptops through the nonprofit program One Laptop per Child.Kasiisi has ongoing demonstration projects for sustainable agriculture and waste management, including a bio-gas digester to provide an alternative fuel to firewood for cooking school lunches.“Anything that you can do in a primary school, we will do it,” Ross said.Though much has been done, studies of children’s attitudes toward chimpanzees show that more work remains. One study of 350 children said that about half of them viewed the animals negatively, and half positively. A further examination of the negative attitudes shows that children’s biggest concern about the animals is aggression, followed by chimps’ raids on crops.A small number, 7 percent, view the animals as a hunting target or a source for food. That last result puzzles Ross, because the people around Kibale don’t consider primates a food source. She speculated that the result might reflect an influx of people from the Congo, where people do eat primates.Ross and Wrangham emphasized that the involvement of local partners has been critical to the project’s success and will be even more critical to its future. The schools involved with the project have outperformed other area schools, Ross said, with some students going on to a university education. When they return, their leadership will be a critical factor in the future of the chimpanzee and their forest home.“You can see individual successes and reason for hope, but the big picture is alarming,” Wrangham said. “We are an extremely lucky species to be on Earth at the same time as the great apes.”last_img read more

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Bravo – Test series vital for redemption

first_imgDUBAI, United Arab Emirates CMC – Stylish left-hander Darren Bravo says West Indies will use the upcoming three-Test series against Pakistan to redeem themselves, following weak performances in the Twenty20 and One-Day International series recently.West Indies crashed to 3-0 series losses in both the T20s and the ODIs, to enter the Test phase of the tour without a single win in their six previous matches.“By all means, we didn’t really perform well in the shorter formats of the game (during this tour) and we’re disappointed about that,” Bravo said on the eve of the historic day/night first Test here.“Going into the Test match we will try our very best to put on a much better performance in the Test match series. The guys are working hard and we are really excited about going into this first Test match with the pink ball and the last two with the normal red ball.”As they did during the limited overs series against the likes of left-arm spinners Imad Wasim and Mohammed Nawaz, West Indies are expected to face a trial by spin during the Test series.And while Imad has been left out of the Pakistan squad, Nawaz, fellow left-arm spinner Zulfiqar Babar and leg-spinner Yasir Shah have been included, and are expected to pose a significant threat on the slow pitches in the UAE.Bravo said confidence would be a key factor in the batting approach by the Windies.“They are quality spinners … but I think it is very important to back your defence,” he explained.“If you like going over the top or if you like sweeping, if you like chipping to a particular spin bowler, you just have to go out there and back yourself.“I don’t think you have to go out there and play names. If you play names you’re going to be on the back foot from ball one. It’s just a matter of going out there and just being positive.”Bravo got a half-century during the second ODI in Sharjah and stroked 91 at the same venue last week in a three-day game against the Pakistan Cricket Board Patron’s XI, to find form ahead of the longer format.The last game was a day/night affair featuring the revolutionary pink ball and the 27-year-old said his knock had allowed him time to get comfortable with the unfamiliar pink ball.“It was a very good experience spending some time out in the middle and getting acclimatised to the pink ball,” Bravo said.“I believe early up it was a bit difficult to actually see the ball but at the end of the day, once I spent more time out in the middle it was much easier.”He added: “I think it is all about acclimatising and just believing in yourself at the end of the day. It’s cricket, the colour of the ball has changed. If from the inception (of cricket) we used to use a pink ball, if we were going to try a red ball at this point in time it would have been difficult as well so it doesn’t matter.“It’s about going out and acclimatising as quickly as possible and just accepting the challenge for what it is.”last_img read more

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Sarri wants Hazard saga resolved

first_imgLondon, United Kingdom | AFP | Chelsea manager Maurizio Sarri says the time has come for star playmaker Eden Hazard to make up his mind as to whether he will sign a new contract.The 27-year-old Belgian — who has been at Chelsea since 2012 — is a target for Spain’s European champions Real Madrid but said on Thursday he wanted to put off any decision on his future till the end of the season.Chelsea, though, have offered Hazard — who reached a landmark century of goals for the club with a brace in the 2-1 win over Watford on Wednesday — a new contract reported to be worth well over £300,000 ($380,000) a week.Sarri, though, said at his press conference on Friday he wants everything cleared up as soon as possible.“I don’t know but I think that it’s time to decide,” said Sarri when asked if he thought Hazard would stay with the club.“I think that we have to solve the problem. If he wants to program the future, we have to solve this problem.”Sarri, whose side are fourth in the table 11 points off leaders Liverpool ahead of this weekend’s games, said he was powerless to intervene given the power structure inside the club.“I am not the president, I am not in charge of the market, I am the coach,” said the 59-year-old Italian. “I want to speak to him only about the position on the pitch.”Sarri, who will be without Spanish forward Pedro for the away match at Crystal Palace due to a hamstring injury, is also keen to keep Hazard playing as a ‘false nine’ in the absence of the injured Alvaro Morata.Hazard has said he prefers to play on the wing but Sarri said the impact the Belgian has made since he switched him supports his decision.“I cannot see the problem of Hazard in this role,” said Sarri.“He played four matches as false number nine, and he scored three goals and two assists. So I am not able to see the problem.“I am really very happy with him in this position, because he’s very able to score, first of all, but he’s very able to open spaces for the team-mates, to come and play with the team-mates.“So at the moment I am very happy with him in this position, but in the future he can also play as a winger of course.”Share on: WhatsApplast_img read more

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