On May 4, the Peruvian government extended the state of emergency for 60 days in five provinces located in the country’s north, due to the presence of Shining Path guerrillas and drug trafficking columns, according to an ordinance published in the official gazette. The state of emergency in these provinces has been enforced since September 2011, when President Ollanta Humala had been in office for less than three months. The Presidential Decree says that “in addition to the existence of Shining Path remnants, there are problems of illicit drug trafficking and illegal coca crops, which are a threat for the nation and have dire consequences on the social, economic, environmental and political fields.” During the state of emergency extension, all rights of inviolability of domicile and freedom of assembly and transit, among others, are suspended. By Dialogo May 07, 2013 The organization has been disrupted over a decade, and its main leaders are imprisoned, but some columns hid in the jungle and made alliances with drug traffickers, according to the government. In 1980, the Shining Path movement started a conflict that resulted in about 69,000 dead and missing persons after two decades, according to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The areas that will remain under Police and Armed Forces control include the provinces of Marañón, Huamalíes and Leoncio Prado in the region of Huánuco, Tocache province, and the province of Padre Abad in the region of Ucayali.