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Backyard pecans

first_imgBy Lenny WellsUniversity of GeorgiaGeorgia is blessed with a great climate for growing pecans, andpecan trees are a common sight in yards statewide. But while theycan offer shade, tasty treats or extra income, many come up shortbecause of diseases and insects that thrive here, too.Two problems particularly plague backyard pecan trees: pecanaphids and a disease called pecan scab.Yellow pecan aphids rob nutrients and water from pecan leaves.They also produce a syrup-like solution called honeydew, whichcoats the leaves and drips down onto cars and houses, where anunsightly fungus called sooty mold develops. Large populationsoften cause trees to shed leaves in late summer, too.Culprits get worseThe damage inflicted by black pecan aphids is much worse. Theseinsects remove nutrients and water from the tree’s leaves, too,but in doing so they release a toxin into the plant.This toxin causes the leaves to develop bright yellow spots,eventually killing that area of the leaf and turning it brown.When populations are heavy, black pecan aphids can defoliate atree.As bad as aphids are, though, the main reason backyard trees failto produce pecans is pecan scab. This disease develops andspreads during rainy time, particularly when the nut is growing.Nuts infected with pecan scab develop black spots on the shuck.Many will be covered so the entire nut turns black and fallsbefore it’s fully developed.Ways to improveCompletely removing and destroying the leaves and shucks on whichthe disease overwinters can help reduce the carry-over of scaband other diseases. Removing low limbs can allow greater airflow, too, which helps to reduce the leaf wetness necessary forinfection.In most cases, none of these problems can be controlled byspraying pesticides on large, backyard pecan trees.Pecan varieties, however, do vary in their susceptibility tothese problems, so take care to choose trees wisely.Elliott is probably the idealbackyard pecan. It has the best scab resistance available andproduces excellent quality nuts. Its small, teardrop-shaped nutfills easily. It often brings a premium price because of itsplump, perfect halves.The main problems with Elliott are that it may bear nuts onlyevery other year and can suffer from black and yellow aphidproblems. It is, however, relatively drought-tolerant for a pecantree.Sumner suffers less from scab thanmany varieties. However, it’s highly susceptible to damage fromblack pecan aphids. Sumner has large nuts with well-developedkernels. It produces lots of pecans at a young age, and is arelatively consistent producer.Stuart offers some level of scabcontrol, too, although the nuts will scab under heavy diseasepressure during wet weather. Many of the old yard trees inGeorgia are Stuarts.These trees usually don’t suffer as much from black pecan aphidsas some other varieties do. But they often harbor largepopulations of yellow aphids. Stuarts have large nuts withwell-filled kernels that shell easily. And they produce fairlyregularly.Choosing the right variety for your yard may not eliminateproblems with pecans. But it can certainly make problems lessfrequent.To learn more about growing pecans and about many otheragricultural topics, contact your county UGACooperative Extension agent.(Lenny Wells is the University of Georgia CooperativeExtension state pecan horticulturist and a Dougherty Countyextension agent with the UGA College of Agricultural andEnvironmental Sciences.)last_img read more

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CDC: Imperfect flu vaccine was of help in tough season

first_imgApr 17, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Preliminary findings from Wisconsin suggest that this year’s flu vaccine lowered one’s risk of catching the flu by 44%, even though two of the three strains used in the vaccine didn’t match well with the viruses in circulation, federal health officials announced today.Forty-four percent is well below the 70% to 90% protection that a flu vaccine well-matched to circulating strains is expected to provide for healthy adults, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) hailed the findings as good news in a year of “suboptimal” matches.The CDC said the Wisconsin study indicated the vaccine provided 58% protection against influenza A/H3N2, the nation’s predominant strain this season. However, the vaccine offered no protection against influenza B, the strain for which the vaccine was least well matched. The study provided no estimate of vaccine effectiveness against the third strain, A/H1N1, because no H1N1 viruses were identified in the Wisconsin patients.”Although two of three vaccine strains were not optimally matched with circulating viruses this season, an interim VE [vaccine effectiveness] estimate suggests that vaccination provided substantial protection against medically attended acute respiratory illness in this study population,” the CDC said in the Apr 18 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).The CDC also reported today that the flu season now ending was worse than the previous three and that flu vaccine production and distribution for the US market set records, though millions of doses again went unsold. The flu season was comparable with 2003-04, which was “moderately severe,” officials said.The six companies licensed to make flu vaccine for the US market produced about 140 million doses, about 20 million more than the previous season, said Dr. Jeanne Santoli, deputy director of immunization services in the CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases.”Based on data provided by distributors and manufacturers, we know that about 113 million doses of vaccine were distributed,” Santoli said at a news teleconference. She said this set a record and was about 10 million more doses than were distributed in the 2006-07 season. The figures indicate that about 27 million doses of vaccine went unsold.”We anticipate that next season’s supply will be similar or somewhat increased from this season,” Santoli said, adding that the CDC expects to have projections sometime in the next month.Vaccine effectiveness studyThe vaccine effectiveness findings came from a case-control study by the Marshfield (Wis.) Clinic. From Jan 21 to Mar 28, the clinic enrolled patients who sought care for an acute respiratory or febrile illness, testing them for flu and checking their vaccination status. The preliminary results are based on findings from 616 patients who were enrolled between Jan 21 and Feb 8. Patients were considered vaccinated if they had received a shot 2 weeks or more before enrollment or, for children younger than 9, if they had received two doses of vaccine.Vaccine effectiveness was estimated by comparing patients who had laboratory-confirmed flu (as determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) with those who tested negative, according to the MMWR report. For patients who tested positive, samples were cultured to provide virus isolates for antigenic characterization.Flu was confirmed in 191 of the 616 patients (31%), and 75% of the infections were type A. About 19% of patients who tested positive had received a flu shot, compared with 39% of those who tested negative.As noted above, the findings yielded an overall vaccine effectiveness estimate of 44%. For H3N2 viruses—one of the subtypes for which this year’s vaccine was not well matched—the estimated effectiveness was 58%. But for type B viruses, the other subtype marked by a suboptimal match this year, the vaccine’s effectiveness was zero, the report says.The study showed some differences by age-group: for healthy people aged 5 to 49 years, overall vaccine effectiveness was 54%, and effectiveness for H3N2 viruses was 68%. The report does not give figures for people aged 50 to 64 and over 65, who were small minorities.Dr. Dan Jernigan, deputy director of the CDC’s Influenza Division, said vaccine effectiveness estimates lower than 44% have been recorded in some years, most recently in 1997-98. He said those estimates came from studies using different methods than the Marshfield study.”In the last 20 seasons, 16 have had good matches, and there have been four that had less than optimal matches,” Jernigan said at the press conference. “In general the matches are better than what we have this year.”The MMWR article notes that the mismatch between vaccine and circulating viruses—in terms of both numbers and degree of antigenic difference—was sharpest for type B. About 95% of tested type B isolates this season belonged to a different lineage from the strain used in the vaccine. For H3N2 viruses, 71% of tested isolates were similar to A/Brisbane/10/2007, a recent variant of A/Wisconson/67/2005, the H3N2 strain used in the vaccine.The degree of mismatch for H3N2 this season is “moderate” in comparison with antigenic differences seen in the long term for this subtype, the CDC says. In contrast, the B strain in the vaccine and the predominant circulating B strain are “substantially more antigenically distinct” than is the case with H3N2.Although type A viruses—primarily H3N2—have been the most common type overall this season, type B viruses have made a late surge, becoming the most commonly reported type for the 2 weeks from Mar 23 to Apr 5, the CDC said in a separate MMWR article.Given the vaccine mismatch for type B, the agency said, “If influenza B strains predominate during the remainder of this season, providers can anticipate an increased risk for vaccine failures and should consider early use of antiviral medications for treatment and prophylaxis of persons at high risk” for flu complications.A fairly tough seasonIn describing the 2007-08 flu season so far, Jernigan said, “Most seasonal indicators have been on the high end compared with the past three seasons. . . . The 2007-08 season appears to be most similar to 2003-04, which was characterized as moderately severe.”This season, deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza peaked at 9.1% of all deaths and stayed above the CDC’s epidemic threshold for 13 straight weeks. In 2003-04, pneumonia and influenza deaths peaked at 10.4% of all deaths and hovered above the epidemic level for nine weeks.Sixty-six children have died of lab-confirmed flu and its complications so far this season, Jernigan reported. Of those old enough for vaccination, 52 either were not vaccinated or did not receive both of the two recommended doses, he said.For the week that ended Apr 5, six states still had widespread flu activity, and 11 states had regional activity, the CDC said.CDC. Interim within-season estimate of the effectiveness of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine—Marshfield, Wisconsin, 2007-08 influenza season. MMWR 2008 Apr 18;57(15):393-8 [Full text]CDC. Update: influenza activity—September 30, 2007–April 5, 2008, and composition of the 2008-09 influenza vaccine. MMWR 2008 Apr 18;57(15):404-9 [Full text]See also:Apr 24, 2007, CIDRAP News story “Record flu vaccine supply expected for next season”last_img read more

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Jokowi appoints UIN Sunan Kalijaga rector Yudian Wahyudi as new BPIP chairman

first_img“We are aiming to introduce the importance of Pancasila to 129 million youths under the age of 39,” Jokowi said on Wednesday “I hope [Yudian] can start introducing the implementation of Pancasila values to the public, especially to the youth since the preparation has been completed.”Yudian’s inauguration ceremony was also attended by Vice President Ma’ruf Amin and members of the Cabinet, such as Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Mahfud MD, Law and Human Rights Minister Yasonna H. Laoly and Home Minister Tito Karnavian. (dpk)Topics : President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo officially appointed Yudian Wahyudi, the rector of Sunan Kalijaga Islamic State University (UIN Sunan Kalijaga), as the newest chairman of the Agency for Pancasila Ideology Education (BPIP) on Wednesday.Yudian replaces Yudi Latif, who stepped down from the position in early June 2018. BPIP vice chairman Hariyono had held the position as acting chairman for the past 18 months. By appointing Yudian, Jokowi said he hoped that the organization would be able to introduce the important values of the nation’s ideology, Pancasila, to the younger generation as soon as possible.last_img read more

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Italy extends lockdown until ‘at least’ April 12

first_img“It cannot last very long,” he said. “We can study ways [of lifting restrictions]. But it will have to be done gradually.”Health Minister Roberto Speranza later announced that “all containment measures would be extended at least until Easter” on April 12.Business closures and a ban on public gatherings were to have expired on Friday. ‘Picture has improved a lot’Health officials said one of the most encouraging figures was a drop from 25,392 on Sunday to 25,006 on Monday in the number of people in Lombardy testing positive for COVID-19.The figure had grown continuously for more than a month.”The picture has improved a lot over the past four days,” Lombardy’s chief medical officer Giulio Gallera said.The latest data was released nearly three weeks into a national lockdown that has emptied cities and paralyzed most business activity.Store and restaurant closures were reinforced last week by a shutdown of “non-essential” factories.Forecasts by several global banks and analysts point to Italian economic output shrinking by seven percent this year. ‘Flattening of the curve’Italy was the first Western nation to impose sweeping restrictions to stem a pandemic that has claimed more than 36,000 lives worldwide.Its own toll grew by 812 on Monday and the number of infections reported by the civil protection service surpassed 100,000.But fresh evidence also suggested that COVID-19 was spreading more slowly than when the first victim died in Italy on February 21.The daily rate of new infections dropped to 4.1 percent — a fraction of the 62 percent level registered a month ago.The number of people suffering from the illness at its epicenter in the northern Lombardy region also dropped for the first time.And the number of people who have recovered from COVID-19 across the nation of 60 million people hit a new high.”We saw 1,590 people recover in the past 24 hours,” civil protection service chief Angelo Borrelli told reporters.”This is the highest number of recoveries recorded since the start of the pandemic.”Deputy Health Minister Pierpaolo Sileri said the latest data showed that Italy might see “a drop in the number of people infected within seven to 10 days”.Italy’s ISS public health institute chief Silvio Brusaferro also felt the infection rate was approaching its peak.”We are witnessing a flattening of the curve,” Brusaferro told the La Repubblica daily.”There are no signs of a descent yet, but things are improving.” Italy on Monday extended an economically crippling lockdown until “at least” mid-April to stem coronavirus infections that have claimed a world-leading 11,591 lives.Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said any easing of containment measures would be done incrementally to ensure Italy does not give up gains it has made against the extraordinary disease.The near three-week shutdown “had been very tough economically,” Conte told Spain’s El Pais newspaper. Topics :last_img read more

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Sri Mulyani recalls meeting furniture maker Jokowi during 1998 crisis

first_img“Pak Jokowi used the ‘windfall profit’ wisely by increasing production capacity, taking advantage of the crisis to develop his business,” she said.Twenty-two years later, after Jokowi took the Presidential seat and asked her to become his finance minister, another crisis struck, she added.“Under the leadership of President Jokowi, we are overcoming it,” she said.In facing the current difficult times, Sri Mulyani said the government had encouraged economic recovery programs to help people, revive small and medium enterprises as well as to regrow economic activities.“Twenty-two years from now, what can you become?” she asks her followers at the end of the post.“[Build] your future by continuously learning, working hard, being honest and being resourceful. Have a steel mentality; don’t give up when facing trials and tests. Always pray,” she added.Topics : Indonesia’s economic growth, she recalled, had fallen sharply to minus 13.7 percent, while the exchange rate of the rupiah against the US dollar dropped from Rp 2,350 to Rp 16,000 per US dollar, causing many companies and banks to go bankrupt. On Aug. 14, 1998, Sri Mulyani said, she had been invited by Jokowi to speak at a seminar in Surakarta, in her capacity as an economist from the University of Indonesia, to explain why the financial crisis occurred and how Indonesia could save the economy.She said the seminar had been sponsored by Jokowi, who was at that time a businessman exporting furniture.She said Jokowi had been “tremendously blessed” during the crisis, because export revenue in US dollars jumped more than sixfold at the time.center_img Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati shared a throwback post on social media of her meeting with President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo when he was a furniture maker in Surakarta, Central Java, during the 1998 Asian financial crisis.After recalling how Jokowi overcame and advanced his business during the economic crisis 22 years ago, Sri Mulyani encouraged the Indonesian people to work and study harder for a better future in 22 years to come.A photo collage that Sri Mulyani posted on her Instagram account, @smindrawati, on Thursday showed a black and white poster revealing her and businessman Jaya Suprana as speakers at an event, also a picture of young Jokowi giving a speech.last_img read more

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Location change announced for jazz concert featuring Batesville native

first_imgBatesville, In. — Olivia McKnight and the University of Indianapolis Jazz Ensemble will present a free concert on Sunday, October 21. Due to weather conditions, the show will be held at 6 p.m. in the Batesville High School auditorium. Organizers from the Batesville Area Arts Council (Formerly the RAA) say McKnight is a 2016 Batesville High School graduate.The ensemble is known for performing big band standards from modern composers as well as Duke Ellington and Count Basie.last_img

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Building on success, Berry to raise bar for Super Nationals

first_imgAfter finding considerable success in his adopted state, Tom Berry Jr. swept the Dirt Wars week­end at Estevan Motor Speedway before impressing in starts in Minnesota and Iowa. (Photo by Byron Fichter) The Oregon native began racing in the Midwest in 2016. He now lives in North Dakota, girlfriend Mayce Brodehl’s home state, and works for a construction company.  “We’re going to go to Boone with the goal of making the show. Once you qualify, you can race hard and try to win the thing,” said Berry, from Newburg, N.D., and most recently winner of Han­cock County Speedway’s Night of 10,000 Stars IMCA Modified man event. “We’re already in the Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational and are eligible to qualify for the Harris Auto Racing Race of Champi­ons. I think we’re going to have a pretty good week.” “We’ve learned so much about the car. I can feel the tiniest of adjustments,” he continued. “We had to change a good amount of stuff when I went down to Iowa but I was able to do that be­cause of what we’d learned.” One of Berry’s biggest wins came on opening night of the Kupper Chevrolet Dakota Classic Tour. Con­sistency throughout made him the tour champion. “I struggled the first three or four nights of the season but kept digging hard. It’s helped to run against really good guys,” said Berry, now well established as one of those top-tier competitors. “We’ve had a lot of success but I feel like part of that is because our luck factor has changed.” “We’ve got a brand new car (a 2019 Razor), Mayce’s dad helps me a bunch and we have in­vested a lot of money in this. Our program is not slacking. We put in the time in the shop and it has paid off,” Berry said. “Tracks are smooth and slick out here so you can really fine tune your car.”  “It was my fourth year running the tour. Not too many people win it,” Berry said. “That was a pretty big accomplishment.”center_img “I’ve probably drawn front row starts four or five times this season. I did it maybe three times from the time I was 15 until this year,” he explained. “I’ve finally been redrawing three and four. When you start up there you have more clean air once you get out of the gate.”  The winner of back-to-back Dirt Wars features at Estevan Motor Speedway, he finished second three straight nights – at the Harris Clash at Deer Creek on Aug. 6, in the Arnold Motor Supply Dirt Knights Tour at Fairmont on Aug. 7 and at Night of 1,000 Stars on Aug. 8 – before collecting the Night of 10,000 Stars checkers and $7,000. Berry thought hard before deciding on a pre-Super Nationals highlight to his 2019 season, finally setting on the week he spent in early August in Minnesota and Iowa. NEWBURG, N.D. – He’s already had a season full of career highlights, but Tom Berry Jr. will be looking to raise the bar again at the IMCA Speedway Motors Super Nationals fueled by Casey’s. Running with many of the top shoes from North Dakota as well as the region and nation, he won 10 of his first 25 IMCA Speedway Motors Weekly Racing starts this season, with another dozen top five finishes for good measure. “That whole week was pretty good,” he said. “We drew last row starts for our heat every night ex­cept one and never ran outside the top three in any main event.”last_img read more

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Reid sounds warning to Baggies

first_img Their next four fixtures see them play Hull at home on Saturday, Tottenham away on Boxing Day, West Ham away on December 28 and then Newcastle at home on New Year’s Day. And looking ahead to those games, Reid, quoted by the Birmingham Mail, said: “We can’t feel sorry for ourselves. “We have the biggest few fixtures of our campaign – this period will define our season. (With) the form we’re in at the minute we need to dig in. “Make no mistake about it, we are in it. We are in a relegation fight with other clubs and we can’t forget that.” In their statement announcing the news of Clarke and Keen’s dismissals on Saturday, West Brom also said that joint-assistant head coach Keith Downing would oversee first-team affairs while the club “consider all available options” for a new boss. And Downing looks set to be in charge of the side for the Hull game, with the Baggies having subsequently confirmed that he will be doing the pre-match media duties at a press conference at Albion’s training ground on Thursday. West Brom are not making any comment regarding who their new permanent boss might be, but a host of people have been linked with the vacancy since Clarke’s departure, with one of the latest being Mauricio Pellegrino, the former Liverpool player and coach who is currently in charge of Estudiantes in his native Argentina. And regarding the Baggies’ search, Reid said: “The board have got it right with the last few appointments. Press Association Albion sacked their head coach Clarke and his assistant Kevin Keen on Saturday following a 1-0 loss at Cardiff, which was their fourth straight defeat. The Midlands outfit are currently 16th in the Barclays Premier League, two points above the relegation zone. “Roberto Di Matteo got it and took us on to promotion (to the Premier League in 2010). “Roy (Hodgson) took us to another level of mid-table safety and Steve Clarke gave us our best-ever Premier League finish (eighth, last season). “It will need to be a top-class coach, which is something we’ve had over the last couple of years. “I wouldn’t have thought someone will come in and break it away because what we’ve been doing the last few years has been the right way. “The board will hope the new man gives the players a lift and gets us some results.” Another candidate for the job is former Manchester United and Norway striker Ole Gunnar Solskjaer, who is currently boss at Molde in his home country and has guided them to two league titles since taking over in 2011. The club’s chief executive Tarje Nordstrand Jacobsen was quoted by Norwegian media on Wednesday as saying that Molde had received enquiries from overseas about Solskjaer, but no indication was given as to exactly who from, or when. Nordstrand Jacobsen, quoted on www.rbnett.no, said: “I can confirm that we have received formal requests, but will not say when they arrived or where they came from. “Ole has a name that will always make him attractive. And he has a standing in England that makes him often a candidate there.” Asked if he was prepared for Solskjaer to leave Molde soon, Nordstrand Jacobsen said: “Yes. We are aware that is a possible scenario. “Ole has won three titles (including a cup) in three years with Molde. “It is obvious that this can be good timing for him if he wants to further his career.” West Brom defender Steven Reid is in no doubt that the club are in a relegation battle and has emphasised the need for them to “dig in” while the search for Steve Clarke’s permanent successor continues.last_img read more

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MMA sports roundup

first_img Latest posts by Fenceviewer Staff (see all) CASTINE — The Maine Maritime Academy Mariners moved into second place in the North Atlantic Conference men’s soccer standings with a 3-1 win over the Colby-Sawyer Chargers on Saturday in Castine.The win, their fourth straight, upped the Mariners’ record to 7-4-2 overall and 5-1-1 in the conference.Women’s SoccerThe Lady Mariners saw their record dip to 3-7-2 overall and 2-4-1 in the conference after falling 4-0 to Colby-Sawyer on Saturday in Castine.This is placeholder textThis is placeholder textVolleyballMMA’s Lady Mariners upped their record to 10-7 with a pair of 3-0 volleyball wins over the University of Maine – Presque Isle in non-conference play on Saturday in Castine.GolfMMA’s Keenan Kalthoff and the Mariner team both placed third in the annual North Atlantic Conference Championships held last weekend at the Samoset Resort in Rockport. Kalthoff finished with a total score of 153, eight strokes off the winning total of 145 posted by Cameron Daley of Salem State.FootballThe Mariner football team, struggling with a record of 0-4 so far, had a week off and will return to action on Saturday, facing the U.S. Coast Guard Academy at 1:30 p.m. in New London, Conn.Find in-depth coverage of local news in The Ellsworth American. Subscribe digitally or in print. Bio Fenceviewer Staff Latest Postscenter_img Schoodic Grange hosting sale – October 30, 2014 Fitness trainer is now cancer-exercise expert – October 12, 2014 Town report wins award – October 11, 2014last_img read more

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Salah: Hosting AFCON 2019 Good for Egypt

first_img“It’s the right time for Egypt – as we have to be clear – our league is not a top league in Africa at the moment,” Salah said.“I’m sure this is going to be the start for us to be back.”The finals will also see fans return to stadiums in large numbers for the first time since 2012.A maximum of 5,000 supporters have been allowed in to watch games since September last year.It was the first time authorities cleared fans to watch league matches on a regular basis since 2012.Supporters were banned from attending matches in February 2012 after at least 74 Al Ahly fans died during a game with Al Masry in Port Said.Salah is confident that the return of the fans will be a huge boost for football in Egypt and that they can help lift the national team too.“The fans are going to be back in the stadium, and everything is going to be back like before,” he enthused.“I’m sure everyone knows about Egypt and the seven Africa Cups – we’re going to look for number eight now, and this is the best time to start to be back like before.”Egypt have won the Nations Cup three times on home soil in 1959 (as United Arab Republic), in 1986 and again 20 years later.They also hosted the finals in 1974 when the Pharaohs managed to clinch third place.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Mohamed Salah believes hosting the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations can revitalize league football in Egypt.The Liverpool striker was talking after being crowned 2018 African Footballer of the Year and on the day Egypt were named 2019 Nations Cup hosts.Egypt replaced Cameroon, who was denied the hosting rights due to slow preparations and security concerns.last_img read more

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