Invitation withdrawn West Indies cricket continues to attract the spotlight. Once upon a time – and the memory is dimmed on that – this headline billing was the case, but then it was for the right reasons. Nowadays, it is like the low performance level of the team, more so in Test matches, is stuck with their fans as a constant companion. Even in the shortest version, where the team is supposed to be ‘ruling the roost’, whenever there is a glimmer of hope or a gain in confidence, the inevitable gloom comes hard on its heels. Yes, earlier in the year, under the now deposed Darren Sammy, the World T20 trophy was taken, the second such success on the trot. But a 3-0 washout to Pakistan a few weeks ago was not far adrift. As if all the sordid tales that the region is being asked to embrace, are not enough, here comes the highly reported Darren Bravo remarks. The man who from the onset of his career mimics his idol, the magnificent Brian Lara in so many ways except runs on the board, has run a ‘one short’ on the type of behaviour that should obtain in a working environment. He took to his Twitter account to take on West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) President, Dave Cameron. His ill-timed and ill-advised outburst was on the back of his being offered a C Contract and not the A of which Cameron said he was not worthy. On regional television, the President went on to outline statistical qualifications which, according to him, Bravo had not met. Foster’s Fairplay thinks that to question the boss’ judgement and willingness to speak the truth, is not altogether out of line. It is in keeping with what goes on at the workplace in these more liberal and permissive times. But, it is the view of this columnist, that they must be boundaries. By any yardstick relative to discipline and decorum, it cannot be tenable for a worker, as the batsman is in this scenario, to describe the top man in his organisation in the disrespectful terms in which he did. The tweet read: “You hav been failing 4 d last 4yrs. Y don’t u resign and FYI I’ve neva been given an ‘A’ contract. Big idiot.” The action taken by the West Indies Cricket Board has been to withdraw the invitation to Bravo to be a member of the region’s squad for the upcoming Tri-Nation One Day International Series, which includes Sri Lanka and home team Zimbabwe. The dismissed player will head home to the Caribbean, when the camp in Potchefstroom, South Africa breaks. Foster’s Fairplay has little concern for whether or not Cameron misrepresented the cash amount of the contract that Bravo was offered in the past. That, from where this columnist is positioned, is beside the point. The real issue here is the Trinidad & Tobago-born batting stylist’s post on his social media platform. There are persons who are given the authority to make decisions and rulings that affect the careers, and by extension, the lives of others. Cameron and his colleagues in the hierarchy have been given that role. This is not to say that the workers, one of which is Bravo, must follow slavishly or blindly, all decrees from above. The board supports and always has an ear open to the player’s representative body, the West Indies Players Association . If Bravo is not a member of this group, he can have an agent who adopts a similar role. By virtue of the number of matches which Bravo has played, it is reasonable to view him as a senior player. As such, he is expected to provide guidance and advice to the younger ones. What type of standards is he setting for them? It was an intemperate remark, bordering on insolence and he was duly punished. In addition to dismissal from the series, Bravo was instructed to remove the offending tweet from his Twitter account and if he failed to do so by 3p.m. Jamaica time last Saturday, he could face further action including referral to the Disciplinary Committee. Clearly, the WICB has decided, to their everlasting credit, to throw the book at him. He deserves it. email@example.com
The semi-finals of the A McLean 525 are the feature races at tonight’s greyhound racing at Lifford Stadium.The card also features three first round heats of the €200 Track Buster 525.There are 12 races down for decision, runners are (first race 7.00pm): Race 1 (350 yards): 1, Run China Girl; 2, Mullbrook Da Girl; 3, Ballylaw Ace; 4, Road to Haven; 5, Rash Judgement; 6, Academy Warrior.Race 2 Booking Office 350 (350 yards): 1, Kildallon Rapid; 2, Gabbys Tango; 3, Tons of Speed; 4, Tarmac Patch; 5, Curragh Brae; 6, Nosey Paul.Race 3 €200 Track Buster 525, round one, heat one (525 yards): 1, Corner Plane; 2, Original Song; 3, Tydon Marquis; 4, Supersonic; 5, Pipeline Jean; 6, Fernhill Dice.Race 4 €200 Track Buster 525, round one, heat two (525 yards): 1, Quare Dame; 2, Spotty Totty; 3, Geneva Danny; 4, Swanson Rosette; 5, Townsend Panter; 6, Flaming Ember. Race 5 €200 Track Buster 525, round one, heat three (525 yards): 1, On the Snaff; 2, Calcutta Queen; 3, Tommylees Buddy; 4, Some Effort; 5, Bua Pakie; 6, Leahs Rocket.Race 6 Ultimate Dining Exeperience 350 (350 yards): 1, Gabbys Mondays; 2, Ballybun Oshea; 3, Quare Evening; 4, Gortkelly Blake; 5, Ardnasool Kagawa; 6, Knockmant Junior.Race 7 Macmillan Cancer Support (525 yards): 1, Wrong Note; 2, Shanmoyle Legend; 3, Battle Born; 4, Mullrook No Cash; 5, Maid of More; 6, Beraghill Monty.Race 8 Marie Curie Cancer Cure 525 (525 yards): 1, Rocky Black; 2, Hi Dibbles; 3, Blackstone Maxx; 4, Imperial Tank; 5, Skater Amy; 6, Raughlan Blaze.Race 9 Loughery Family 525 (525 yards): 1, Altmore Champ; 2, Burnpark Lee; 3, Smurfing Convoy; 4, Belindas Cruise; 5, Tahina Kadyn; 6, Locnamon Royal. Race 10 A McLean Bookmakers 525 semi-final (525 yards): 1, Rampant Razzle; 2, Kingsmill Aguero; 3, tahina Kellie; 4, Gortkelly Turbo; 5, Aughduff Murt; 6, Dartrey Snow.Race 11 A McLean Bookmakers 525 semi-final (525 yards): 1, Bleu Paradise; 2, Westwood Lee; 3, Thrill Me; 4, Natureofthetrade; 5, Turbine Tulip; 6, Mongys Girl.Race 11 Getting Out 525 Bumper Stakes (525 yards): 1, Budders Luck; 2, Storm Warrior; 3, Smurfing Manx; 4, Nosey Meg; 5, Flaming Jenny; 6, Take Cover.GREYHOUND RACING: TONIGHT’S LIFFORD CARD was last modified: September 12th, 2014 by johngerardShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:cardgreyhoundLiffordRacing
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest What is torrefaction?Torrefaction is a thermochemical treatment process for biomass upgrading that occurs at a temperature range of 390 to 570 degrees F at near atmospheric pressure, in the absence of oxygen, and at a reactor residence time of 10 to 30 minutes, or longer. During torrefaction, water and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are removed, and hemicellulose fractions of the biomass are degraded leaving cellulose and lignin in the biomass. The final product looks similar to charcoal. How to torrefy biomass?The first step in biomass torrefaction involves feeding raw biomass into the torrefaction system. The particle size may vary depending on the feedstock source; however, a uniform size will give the best results. The biomass is then slowly heated in the absence of oxygen in the torrefaction chamber to reach a temperature of 390 to 570 degrees F, which is maintained for up to 10 to 30 minutes. This partially decomposes the biomass and releases some volatile matter, including water, VOCs and hemicellulose. The remaining solid portion is the torrefied biomass, which is the main final product. The volatiles, vapors and gases produced during torrefaction can be burned in the combustion section, producing heat that can be used to preheat the incoming raw biomass for torrefaction. The torrefied biomass can be pelletized to obtain high density, uniform biomass pellets (Figure 1). Why torrefy biomass?Agricultural and forest residues, energy crops, and animal litter can be used as a feedstock to generate bioenergy, such as ethanol, heat and electricity. However, these feedstocks usually have a low bulk density and energy density. Biomass upgrading techniques, such as torrefaction, change biomass properties for improved storage, transportation, pretreatment, and conversion.The advantages of torrefied biomass over raw biomass include:Reduced moisture content and improved hydrophobicity — Torrefaction drastically reduces the moisture content of the biomass, resulting in a relatively hydrophobic product that absorbs and retains less water during storage, reducing biomass deterioration. The low moisture content also decreases transportation cost.Increased brittleness — Torrefaction destroys the biomass cell structure, which increases the brittleness of the material. Biomass usually needs to be reduced in size for use, such as fuels, chemicals, or other materials. Increased brittleness of torrefied biomass decreases the energy required for grinding by 80-90%.Higher energy content per unit weight — The calorific value of the biomass typically increases from 5,000-7,000 BTUs per pound to 8,500-10,500 BTUs per pound. This makes it an ideal candidate to be used in thermochemical plants as well as household burners.Homogeneous solid with less smoke — Raw biomass have a wide range of moisture content and VOCs depending on the type, source and harvest conditions. Torrefaction significantly reduces the moisture content and VOCs, resulting in a homogeneous solid fuel that generates less smoke during combustion.Elimination of odor and pathogenic microorganisms — Torrefaction involves heat treatment, which can eliminate odors and pathogenic microorganisms that arise from decomposition of biomass during storage.Torrefied biomass can be further densified into pellets. Torrefied pellets have a more uniform size and form, which results in better flowability compared to the raw biomass and improves handling and storage. Furthermore, torrefied biomass pellets have several benefits compared to the raw biomass pellets, including:Improved durability — The biomass contains a higher fraction of hot lignin immediately after torrefaction, which helps it to be compacted, with strong adhesion between the biomass particles, improving pellet durability and handling properties.Increased bulk density — Torrefied pellets usually have a higher bulk density (47 to 53 pounds per cubic foot) compared to raw biomass pellets (34 to 44 pounds per cubic foot).Ultimately, torrefaction of biomass and densification reduces dry matter losses and enhances handling and transportation logistics. Applications of torrefied biomassTorrefied biomass/pellets can be used for different applications, such as:An alternative to coal in conventional coal fired plants — Torrefied biomass are renewable, and have calorific value (8,500-10,500 BTU per pound) comparable to coal (~11,000 BTU per pound), and lower ash and mineral contents.Feedstock for biofuel production — Torrefied biomass primarily contains cellulose, which can be converted to biofuel, especially through thermochemical conversion routes.Soil amendment — Torrefied biomass has almost all the minerals and nutrients in the biomass and thus can be land applied as a soil amendment. How much does it cost to torrefy biomass?Torrefaction of biomass requires a reactor that provides inert reaction conditions without oxygen. Such a facility, at commercial scale, requires a large capital investment. Torrefaction operational costs vary considerably depending on the scale of the facility, feedstock type, desired torrefaction conditions, and potential use of heat or VOCs for other purposes, such as offsetting heating costs. Torrefaction costs of between $17 and $42 per ton of torrefied biomass have been reported.Dr. Ajay Shah is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering of The Ohio State University. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org and (330) 263-3858. This column is provided by the OSU Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, OSU Extension, Ohio Agricultural Research & Development Center, and the College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest We should see sunshine across the state again today, our last day of pleasant weather before shifting into a wet period for tomorrow. Clouds will be on the increase this evening after sunset. Scattered showers move in tomorrow, and continue through a good part of Friday. Rain totals are still expected to be minor at up to a half an inch with coverage at 90% of the state. However, some models are trying to ramp up those rain totals a bit. We are standing pat this morning. Clouds will try to give way to from west to east as we move into the later part of the day on Friday. The weekend starts nice on Saturday with plenty of sun and mild temps. However, on Sunday clouds will increase ahead of our next system. That system is coming a little faster but still has some good moisture with it this morning. That being said, we are going to shave a little off the top end of the event in our forecast right now. Showers can start to fall after midnight Sunday night in far NW Ohio, but will generally wait over a majority of the state until Monday morning. Rains then continue through Monday night, ending by sunrise Tuesday morning. Rain totals are expected in the .5”-1” range and we are keeping coverage at near 90%. We do thin that thunderstorms are no longer a significant concern, although we wont rule out a couple here and there. With out the thunderstorms, the highest end of the previous rain range just is not likely. The map at right shows precipitation totals from now through Tuesday morning. Tuesday features a mix of clouds and sun, and while we can’t rule out a shower or two, we don’t expect a lot of moisture in this time frame. However, it is becoming clear that we can’t quite get through the day with no moisture. These widely scattered showers will end up with coverage at 30% or less. Partly sunny skies are expected for Wednesday. However, rain then moves into southern Indiana Wednesday night through Thursday morning, bringing up to .3” with 80% coverage. We likely miss out up north. The rest of Thursday we turn out partly sunny and see mostly sunny skies on Friday. The extended period stars off drier, as we are moving our bigger rain chances back a couple of days. However, there is significant disagreement among many models on how the pattern unfolds with regard to timing and intensity of precipitation going all the way back to the midweek system for next week. Right now, are going to keep the 13th and 14th mostly dry, but then look for several waves of moisture coming through for the 15th through the 18th. Those waves still can bring big rains, with 1-3” possible combined. However, again, the timing of the moisture and fronts is not set in stone by any means, and we could be seeing some changes in this forecast from next Wednesday forward over the next few days. The overall total moisture for the period is similar…but when and how does it come through?
In an attempt to clamp down on illegal sale and smuggling of liquor in the State, the Haryana government has decided to set up an enforcement wing which will be headed by the Excise and Taxation Commissioner.State Additional Chief Secretary (Excise and Taxation Department) Sanjeev Kaushal said on Monday that though the department along with the police has been carrying out enforcement activities throughout the State, the setting up of an enforcement wing would go a long way in keeping a check on illegal sale and smuggling of liquor.Under the State’s excise policy for the year 2018-19, Mr. Kaushal announced an increase in the basic quota of country liquor from 950 lakh proof litres to 1,000 lakh proof litres and of Indian Made Foreign Liquor from 550 lakh proof litres to 600 lakh proof litres.Retail outlets“The number of retail outlets for CL and IMFL would remain the same as 2017-18,” he said.Mr. Kaushal said under the new policy, a licencee has been allowed to convert a maximum of 10% of his CL quota to IMFL quota. “The excise duty on CL has been increased from ₹28 to ₹44 per PL this year, whereas on IMFL it has been increased from ₹44-200 per PL to ₹49-210 per PL. However, there is no hike in the annual fee of bar licences in the form of L-4 and L-5 granted to restaurants and hotels of three-star ratings and above,” he added.Terming the year 2017-18 successful in terms of excise revenue, Mr. Kaushal said the State is expected to earn a revenue of ₹5,682 crore, including VAT, up to February this year. “The excise revenue of the State for the year 2016-17 was 11.71%, which has been increased to 13% in the year 2017-18,” he said.Mr. Kaushal added that the number of liquor vends has been brought down to 2,323.